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October 22, 2016
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Different Types of Cyclones or Storms and Safety Tips

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Every year, USA is battered by numerous hailstorms, thunderstorms, tornadoes, blizzards, floods, hurricanes, and tropical storms causing heavy loss of life and property despite sending out warning signs well in advance. The nation has in place state-of-the-art early warning systems that send out alarm signals much before a natural disaster or catastrophe strikes a particular region or zone. Majority of Americans living in disaster-prone zones and areas are covered by relevant insurance policies furnishing financial security against most of the calamities with the notable exceptions of earthquakes and floods as the occurrence of latter natural disasters are less frequent compared to hurricanes, tornadoes, and windstorms.     


Thunderstorms occur most extensively and frequently along the entire stretch of the Gulf Coast of Florida. The thunderstorms are characterized by high-speed winds blowing in a straight line, streaks of lightning accompanied by loud bursts, tornadoes, and hails. Storms blowing at speeds upwards of 80kms and gigantic troughs of water wreak havoc on the mainland territories flattening down homes, automobiles, offices, and other real estates. Large-scale destruction of electric supply lines and grids ensure that inhabitants remain in darkness for several days. However, warnings in advancement mean most of the inhabitants evacuate the area days before a thunderstorm strikes. It is important to get rid of all kinds of problems with the help of experts. To take help of ant control Elkhart, IN you need the help of experts in your area, similarly to get a renovation after a dangerous thunderstorm you will need help of an expert house repair company.


Hailstorms in US hit the central plains and southern states that include Texas, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Wyoming, and Nebraska. Hailstorms are typified by hails which are essentially frozen forms of raindrops usually caused by thunderstorms in areas where both rainfall and snowfall are abundant. Numerous residents in the aforementioned states have survived destructive hailstorms after witnessing the extensive damages caused by the same. Hailstorms cause maximum damage to external areas of homes, garages, automobiles, and other kinds of fixed assets.

Ice Storms

When falling droplets of water turn into icy ones, an icy storm develops resulting in resulting freezing rain. Continuously falling icy droplets envelops the ground surface with a thick layer of glazy snow or ice. If the layer of snow is at least 1/4th of an inch or more in thickness or denseness, only then the storm qualifies as an ice-storm. Ice storms can make it difficult for various modes of transportation to be operated smoothly, cause power failures and bring normal life to a standstill.

Snowstorms and whiteouts

Snowstorms, whiteouts, and blizzards are tempests or storms that are more frequent during the winter season. Blizzards can inflict heavy toll on lives and cause incalculable destruction of property owing to the combined fury vented by strong gusts of wind and massive snowfall. Temperatures plummet to many degrees below the 0˚C mark causes the environment to become incredibly freezing and heavy deposition of snow on rooftops of houses and buildings more often than not lead to their collapse.


A tropical cyclone in its most menacing and fiercest form is defined as a hurricane. Characterized by stormy swells or surges, heavy rainfall, and winds blowing at speeds upwards of 70 mph, hurricanes wreak large-scale destruction when it makes a landfall.

Each and every state in the US has a meteorological department and several natural disaster management groups that assist residents in various ways when it comes to preparing adequately before an impending calamity strikes.      



October 18, 2016
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Advance Warning Mechanisms for Storms and Cyclones

Human history is scarred with catastrophic disasters and calamities caused by violent storms or cyclones due to which countless lives have been lost not to speak of other forms of damages. Natural debacles and devastations will continue to occur in the foreseeable future and even the most groundbreaking strides in science & technology will not be able to prevent them from taking place. However, early or advance warning mechanisms have now it made it possible to alert people living in the hinterlands highly prone to storms, cyclones, typhoons, and hurricanes.

Early warning systems now play a crucial role in saving human lives as well as preventing unwarranted loss of livestock, crops, and other economic goods. Following are some of the advance warning systems or mechanisms that are used extensively for sending out warning or alarm signals days before a storm turns destructive.

  • RS and GIS

Geographical information systems and remote sensing technologies are now widely harnessed for analyzing weather patterns in zones that are highly susceptible to storms, typhoons, cyclones, and tsunamis.  

  • Technological Forecasting/Predicting Models

Meteorologists and climatologists in several countries around the world take advantage of meteorological forecasts for making predictions about natural calamities months ahead. These professionals carefully study data relating to rainfall trends and patterns, short-run as well as long-term climatic variations, and other parameters for announcing forecasts having low error margins.

  • GSM/CDMA Technology

Mobile as well as broadband networks now make it possible to transmit text messages in bulk to a large number of registered subscribers alerting them about an impending catastrophe.

  • Satellite Communication Technology

Advancements made in satellite communication technology have narrowed the time lag or gap between collecting information and sending out warning signals.

  • Crowdsourcing via ICT

With more and more people subscribing to Internet connectivity and using smartphones, crowdsourcing approach is immensely helping mapping specialists and humanitarian workers to preparatory measures more effectively.

October 18, 2016
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How Do Tropical Storms or Cyclones Develop?

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Storms are known by different names throughout the world-hurricanes in the West Indies, willy-willy in Australia, twisters in the US, typhoons in China and Far East, and cyclones in the Indian Ocean. The collective name for these disturbances in air circulation patterns is ‘tropical cyclones’ as these tend to occur in the tropics (Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn). Though the names of the storms occurring in different parts of the world differ, the manners in which these develop or form are identical.

Just as an engine or motor burns fuel for functioning, a developing or evolving storm makes use of moist warm air to gain strength. This precondition for storm or cyclonic development can only be fulfilled in areas where warm and humid air is profusely available-seas and oceans. Once the surface water over oceans gets heated it evaporates eventually, and being lighter than the surrounding air, it rises to upper stratums of the atmosphere. Continual heating and evaporation of the surface water that ascends upwards forming cumulonimbus clouds result in the creation of a low-pressure trough.

As is the tendency of atmospheric air, it tends to move from areas of high pressure zones to areas of low pressure troughs. The continuously churning ‘spirals’ and ‘whirlpools’ of air condense or cool down to form rain-bearing clouds. The clouds which are essentially highly crystallized and vaporized water droplets now being heavier (than the surrounding air) coalesce to form storms that begins to circulate and move towards the land as wind speeds reach up to 39mph. At this speed, the storm is termed as ‘tropical’ and when the wind speed exceeds 70mph, the storm becomes a hurricane. These storms vent their fury once they reach deep into the mainland causing large-scale loss of life and property. Eventually, they die out as the fuel of moisture laden warm air is no longer available on land.

October 18, 2016
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Deadliest Storms in World History

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Natural disasters and catastrophes have contributed towards altering and shaping the course of civilizations as much as wars and battles if not more. It doesn’t need to be emphasized that our lonely planet has been rocked by countless natural calamities eons before we started recording these. The following are some of the most devastating storms, cyclones, typhoons, and hurricanes since recorded history that have taken a huge toll in terms of human lives (not to speak of other life forms) and caused incalculable loss of property and croplands.

The Bhola Cyclone of 1970 (Bangladesh)

It won’t be out of place to state that East Pakistan (present day Bangladesh) was able to break free from the chastening rule of Pakistan in 1971 that came about in the aftermath of the Bhola Cyclone that ravaged the entire deltaic nation. Strong gusts of wind originating from the Bay of Bengal devastated acres of croplands, killed countless livestock, and turned the low-lying areas into watery graves for nearly half-a-million people.

The Coringa Cyclone of 1839 (present day Andhra Pradesh)

This cyclone struck the Coringa region which is now Andhra Pradesh leaving some 3, 00, 000 people dead although the estimate is doubtful owing to the absence of reliable record keeping techniques)

The Haiphong Typhoon of 1881 (Vietnam)

You’d normally associate typhoons with China but violent and destructive storms have struck neighboring countries occasionally. A calamitous storm wreaked havoc on Haiphong city in 1881 killing some 3 lakh people and inundating thousands of acres of paddy fields.

The Nina Typhoon of 1975 (China)

More than 2, 29, 000 people lost their lives in the Nina Typhoon.

The Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 (Bangladesh)

Over 2 lakh lives were claimed by the Backerganj cyclone.

The Gorky Cyclone of 1991 (Bangladesh)  

About 1, 40, 000 people died in the wake of the Gorky Cyclone and 4, 00, 000 acres of cropland were submerged.